Monograph

Bogger, Tommy L. Free Blacks in Norfolk, Virginia, 1790-1860: The Darker Side of Freedom. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1997.
Bolster, W. Jeffrey. Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the Age of Sail.. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Chowning, Larry S. Harvesting the Chesapeake: Tools and Traditions. Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1990.
Douglass, Frederick. My Bondage and My Freedom. New York: Dover Publications, 1855, repr. 1969.
Duke, Maurice, intro. Don’t Carry Me Back! Narratives by Former Virginia Slaves. Richmond: Dietz Press, 1995.
Fields, Barbara Jeanne, Slavery and Freedom on the Middle Ground: Maryland during the Nineteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.
Grandy, Moses, Narrative of the Narrative Life of Moses Grandy: Late A Slave in the United States of America. Boston: Oliver Johnson, 1844.
Hedeen, Robert A. The Oyster: The Life and Lore of the Celebrated Bivalve.Centreville, MD: Tidewater Publishers, 1986.
Jackson, Luther Porter. Free Negro Labor and Property Holding in Virginia, 1830-1860. New York: D. Appleton-Century Co., 1942.
Johnson, Paula J., ed. Working the Water: The Commercial Fisheries of Maryland’s Patuxent River. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia and Calvert Marine Museum, 1988.
Kelly, Mary Pat. Proudly We Served: The Men of the USS Mason. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995.
Kirby, Jack Temple. Poquosin: A Study of Rural Landscape and Society. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.
Kulikoff, Allan. Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.
Newton, Adolph W. with Winston Eldridge. Better than Good: A Black Sailor’s War, 1943-1945.Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1999.
Northup, Solomon. Twelve Years A Slave (Derby and Miller: Auburn, NY, 1853) in Puttin’ On Ole Massa: The Slave Narratives of Henry Bibb, William Wells Brown, and Solomon Northup edited b y Gilbert Osofsky. New York: Harper & Row, 1969.
Parramore, Thomas C. with Peter C. Stewart and Tommy L. Bogger. Norfolk: The First Four Centuries. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1994.
Perdue, Jr., Charles L., Thomas E. Barden and Robert K. Phillips. Weevils in the Wheat: Interviews with Virginia Ex-slaves. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1976.
Still, William. The Underground Railroad… Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1872.
Virginia Traditions: Virginia Work Songs [booklet liner notes for Virginia Work Songs]. Ferrum, VA: Blue Ridge Institute and Museum of Ferrum College, 1983.
Wheat, Ellen Harkins, Jacob Lawrence: The Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman Series of 1938-40. Hampton, VA: Hampton University Press, 1991.
Wilson, Carol. Freedom at Risk: The Kidnapping of Free Blacks in America, 1780-1865. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1994.
Wilson, Charles Reagan and William Ferris, eds. Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.


Articles
Anderson, Harold. “Spotlight on Culture: Black Men, Blue Waters: African Americans on the Chesapeake,” Marine Notes, Vol. 16, No. 2 (March-April, 1998): 1-7.
Cassell, Frank A. “Slaves of the Chesapeake Bay Area and the War of 1812,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. LVII, No. 2 (April 1972): 144-155.
Castelli, Marc. “The Artist and the Watermen.” Sailing, Vol. 33, No. 9 (May 1999): 74-79.
Crayon, Porte [David Hunter Strother], “The Fisheries of Albermarle and Pamlico Sounds, North Carolina,” Harper’s Weekly, Vol. V, No. 248 (September 28, 1861).
Crayon, Porte [David Hunter Strother], “The Dismal Swamp,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, Vol. XIII, No. LXXVI (September 1856): 441-455.
Davidson, Thomas E. “Free Blacks in Old Somerset County, 1745-1755,” Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 80, No. 2 (Summer 1985): 151-156.
Della, Jr., M. Ray. “The Problems of Negro Labor in the 1850s,” Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 66, No. 1 (Spring 1971): 14-32.
Fields, R.L. “The Black Midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy,” Proceedings, Vol. 99, No. 4 (April 1973): 28-36.
Fleming, Thomas. “The Flight of the Pearl,” American Legacy, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Summer 2000): 65-72.
Frye, John. “Fatbacks, Bunkers, and Pogies,” Tributaries No. 7 (October 1997): 7-13.
George, Christopher T. “Mirage of Freedom: African Americans in the War of 1812,” Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Winter 1996): 427-450.
Hamer, Philip M. “British Consuls and the Negro Seaman Acts, 1850-1860,” Journal of Southern History, Vol. I, No. 2 (May 1935): 138-168.
Hamer, Philip M. “Great Britain, the United States, and the Negro Seaman Acts, 1822-1848.” Journal of Southern History, Vol. I, No. 1 (February 1935): 4-28.
Harrold, Jr., Stanley C. “The Pearl Affair: The Washington Riot of 1848,” Records of the Columbia Historical Society (1980): 140-160.
Hirschfeld, Fritz. “’Burnt All Their Houses;’ The Log of HMS Savage during a Raid up the Potomac River, Spring 1781,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 99, No. 4 (October 1991): 513-530.
Jackson, Luther Porter. “Virginia Negro Soldiers and Seaman in the American Revolution,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. XXVII, No. 3 (July 1942): 247-287.
Jervey, Edward D. and Harold Huber. “The Creole Affair,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. LXV, No. 3 (Summer 1980): 196-211.
Keuchel, Edward F. “Master of the Art of Canning: Baltimore, 1860-1900,” Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. 67, No. 4 (Winter 1972): 351-362.
Kneebone, John T. “A Break Down on the Underground Railroad,” Virginia Cavalcade, Vol. 48, No. 2 (Spring 1999): 74-83.
McDaniel, Lorna. “Memory Spirituals of the Ex-Slave American Soldiers in Trinidad’s ‘Company Villages,” Black Music Research Journal, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 1994): 119-143.
Matthews, Pat. “Joseph Jenkins Roberts: The Father of Liberia,” Virginia Cavalcade, Vol. XXIII, No. 2 (Autumn 1973): 4-10.
“Mine Oysters,” Harper’s Weekly, Vol. XVI, No. 794 (Supplement, March 16, 1872): 217, 220-223.
Nicholls, Michael L. “News From Monrovia, 1834-1846: The Letters of Peyton Skipwith to John Hartwell Cocke,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 85, No. 1 (January 1977): 64-85.
Provine, Dorothy. “The Economic Position of the Free Blacks in the District of Columbia, 1800-1860,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. LVIII, No. 1 (January 1973): 61-72.
Quarles, Benjamin. “Lord Dunmore as Liberator,” William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 3 (1958): 494-507.
Roberts, Gary. “Canal Was Carved with Slaver Labor: Waterway’s Construction was a Demanding Task,” Tiller, Vol. 20, Issue 3 (Fall 1999 & Winter 2000): 14-15.
Schwarz, Philip J. “The Transportation of Slaves from Virginia, 1801-1865,” Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 7, No. 3 (December 1986): 215-240.
Selig, Robert A. “The Revolution’s Black Soldier,” Colonial Williamsburg, Vol. XIX, No. 4 (Summer 1997): 15-22.
Shepard, E. Lee, F.S. Pollard, and Janet B. Schwarz. “’The Love of Liberty Brought Us Here:’ Virginians and the Colonization of Liberia,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 102, No. 1 (January 1994): 89-100.
Sweig, Donald M. “The Importation of African Slaves to the Potomac River, 1732-1772,” William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. XLII, No. 4 (October 1982): 510-524.
Suggs, Henry Lewis. “P.B. Young of the Norfolk Journal and Guide: A Booker T. Washington Militant, 1904-1928,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. LXIII, No. 4 (Fall 1978): 365-376.
Thomas, Bettye C. “A Nineteenth Century Black Operated Shipyard, 1866-1884: Reflections Upon Its Inception and Ownership,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. LIX, No. 1 (January 1974): 1-12.
Towers, Frank. “Job Busting at Baltimore Shipyards: Racial Violence in the Civil War-Era South,” Journal of Southern History, Vol. LXVI, No. 2 (May 2000): 221-256.
Wesley, Charles H. “Manifests of Slave Shipments Along the Waterways, 1808-1864,” Journal of Negro History, Vol. XXVII, No. 2 (April 1942): 155-174.


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