USS Passaic

1862: August 30

USS PassaicA single-turreted coastal monitor built by the Continental Iron Works, Greenport, New Jersey under sub-contract from John Ericsson. She was launched August 30, 1862 and commissioned November 25, 1862 and assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron at Hampton Roads, Virginia. She was immediately sent to the Washington Navy Yard for repairs on November 29, 1862. President Lincoln and members of his cabinet visited the ship on December 6, 1862. The Passaic returned to Hampton Roads and on December 26 was towed by the State of Georgia along with the Monitor toward Beaufort, North Carolina. The Passaic leaked badly and worked her pumps the whole trip as well as throwing all her shot overboard to stay afloat. She reached Beaufort on New Year's Day, the Monitor did not.

USS Passaic

 

Off of Port Royal, South Carolina, the Passaic along with the Marblehead captured the South Carolina schooner Glide on February 23, 1863. The Glide was laden with cotton. The Passaic saw action at Fort McAllister, and on April 7, 1863 took part in the attack on Charleston, South Carolina. She was severely damaged during this engagement and sent back to New York for repairs. After repairs, the Passaic returned to Charleston, South Carolina and took part in the operations. She was Rear Admiral Dahlgrn's flagship during the attack on Fort Moultrie and she assisted in the rescue of the Lehigh when she ran aground.

On June 16, 1865 she was decommissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard and was laid up there from 1878-1874. The Passaic was repaired and recommissioned on November 24, 1876. After serving as a Receiving ship at Washington DC from 1878-1882. The Passaic was moved twice, first to the Naval Academy from 1883-1892 and then to the Boston Navy Yard form 1893-1894. She was loaned to the Massachusetts Naval Militia in 18968 and then to the Naval Militia in Brunswick, Georgia.

USS PassaicOn May 16, 1898 the Passaic was recommissioned and assigned to the Naval Auxiliary Force and sent to Key West and Pensacola, Florida. She was decommissioned at the Pensacola Navy Yard September 11, 1898. The Passaic was sold to Frank Smauels October 10, 1899.

 

 

Displacement: 844 tons
Length: 200 feet
Beam: 46 feet
Draft: 10 feet 6 inches

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From the heart breaking accounts of life aboard the ironclads to thrilling descriptions of the battles recounted by those who witnessed them you're sure to learn something new!

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