Blog of the Collections Department

Visit from the Coast Guard

Every year we give a tour to a group from the United States Coast Guard’s International Maritime Officer School; an interesting group who are always so curious and interested in our collection, especially our boats in the International Small Craft Center.  Usually our Chief Curator asks what countries the group is from and then proceeds to point out boats from those countries, but he was not here this year so we did a little something different.

TMM; Coast Guard visit to ISCC; 05-26-2015 (1)

Artifacts set out, photo courtesy of Jim Wetherbee

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The Coast Guard group, photo courtesy of Jim Wetherbee

This year we set out a couple tables with artifacts from the countries the group was from, giving them a taste of the scope of our collection.  And don’t let the first image fool you, they swarmed the tables when they first came in, but by the time this was taken they had already dispersed in the Small Craft Center.  Three of the objects made a particular impression on the group.

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The first was this Balinese cremation pylon carving.  It is quite colorful, and quite startling if you come upon it suddenly.  It was acquired by Alexander C. Brown while on a world voyage on the schooner, Chance.

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This next piece is one of the jewels of the collection and is a Persian planispheric astrolabe, ca 1790-1791 by Hajji Ali.  The planispheric astrolabe could be used to find time, as a direct-measure instrument by surveyors, topographers and navigators, to simplify astronomical calculations and, in the case of this instrument, to facilitate the calculations that must be performed to determine the exact time for prayer.

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The third piece is a model made entirely of cloves.  It was made by two Thai officers attending the Army Transportation School at Ft. Eustis in 1957.  It smells wonderful and the case was made with a little piece that slides over a hole at the top so that people can easily take a whiff, but then recover it to keep the scent inside.  This model is also a favorite among staff.

Extreme Deep – New Exhibition

Looking for something fun to do with the family (or by yourself) this summer?  We have a new exhibition that explores the mysteries of the deep, Extreme Deep:  Mission to the Abyss.  It opened May 16 and will remain here until September 7.

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Entrance to the exhibition

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View interesting creatures of the deep

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Explore RMS Titanic using ROV cameras

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Learn about the vehicles that can travel to the deep

There is plenty to see and do in this exhibition all while learning about deep sea exploration, so come on by and check it out!

 

National Maritime Day

Happy National Maritime Day to all!  Today is a day where we celebrate the maritime trade and those who engage in it, especially those mariners who have lost their lives in service.ln22-jpg635164826126522885

 

On May 20, 1933, Congress set aside May 22 as National Maritime Day as it was May 22, 1819 that the SS Savannah began a transatlantic journey and became the first steam powered vessel to cross the Atlantic Ocean.  It took the ship 29 days and four hours.

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SS Savannah, drawing by Samuel Ward Stanton

Way Back Wednesday

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In 1998, we sent our Dutch Tjotter to the Netherlands for restoration work.  This image shows it upon its return.  The boat was built ca 1913 by Van der Werff Brothers in Sneek, Friesland, Netherlands.  It is currently on display in our International Small Craft Center.

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This image shows a group of Steiff animals in a Noah’s Ark display in 1970.  We have several Noah’s Ark sets in the collection, from toys to dioramas.

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As we have so many large and heavy objects, moving artifacts by crane or forklift is a fairly regular affair around here.  Being moved in this photograph is a 6-pound British Naval Cannon ca 1756-1781.  This was one of many artifacts that were pulled from the York River in the 1930’s.

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Here we have another cannon that was recovered from the York River being displayed.  It looks as though the other objects in the case may also be recovered items, making for an interesting display in the 1930’s.

 

Artifact of the Month

May’s artifact of the month is a pair of French Signal Pistol’s, pretty unique and interesting little weapons.af167-01While we do not know much about these pieces, we did discover that the maker is the Royal Armory at Tulle.  Most of the marking has been worn away, but “M …..De Tulle” is still visible.  There is also an anchor on the butt of the handle of both pieces.

Original accession photo

Original accession photo

For those who are not familiar with how these pistols would work (like me until today) magnesium or other flammable powder would be put into the flare cup at the end, as well as the channel.  Once the lever was pulled back the flint would create a spark that would travel down the channel and into the cup, creating a very bright and short-lived flame.  Depending on the chemicals one used in the cup, you could even change what color the flame was.

This type of signal pistol appears to be quite rare and so I have not been able to find any more information for it.  If anyone out there has more information that they would like to share, please let me know.

Artifact of the Month – Sea Quadrant

Our April Artifact of the Month is also a new object to our collection and something we are all very excited about.  It is a sea quadrant made and sold by George Adams, Sr.

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There are a couple of factors that make this particular instrument so special.  The first is the fact that it is the only known sea quadrant made by George Adams.  It was hand-signed, dated and serial numbered by Adams himself, which can still be very clearly seen.  It also includes the earliest known trade label for George Adams, which is one of the largest I’ve ever seen on an object.  The three extra mica windows were wrapped in a piece of paper that appears to be an early writing sample of Adams, making it all the more interesting.

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George Adams, Sr. trade label

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Serial Number, date, and signature of George Adams

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The other factor that makes it so important and interesting is the provenance of the piece, its history.  The piece was purchased in 1774 by François Boyer, who was a Professor of Navigation and Mathematics at the French Royal Navy school in Lorient.  He kept a journal of his travels in England, as well as trade cards a receipt for one of his purchases.  What is most amazing is that the sea quadrant stayed with the family until it was sold at auction in 2014.  They had it for 240 years!  That is astounding for something like this.  And even better, the piece seems to have seen little to no use as it is in almost pristine condition, including the original case.

Receipt for the sea quadrant

Receipt for one of Boyer’s purchases during his trip

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Trade card for Fraser

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Trade card for Henry Shuttleworth

Adams stated that his purpose in creating this instrument was to correct the “inconveniences and difficulties” of using a back-staff and to provide an instrument that was more affordable than the expensive octant.  He and another instrument maker, Benjamin Cole, were both trying to create new sea quadrants.  And despite their efforts, this new instrument was never readily adopted by navigators, which has led to their rarity.  As I stated before, this is the only known sea quadrant by George Adams, and there are only three known by Benjamin Cole.

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As you can tell from Jeanne’s face, we are all very excited about the arrival of the sea quadrant!  And very important to note is that purchases like this would not be possible without kind benefactors.  In this case, Peter Ifland, who has worked with the museum for years regarding scientific and navigational instruments.  We lost him last year, but he will forever be immortalized for his contributions in this field and for every wonderful thing he has done for us.

 

Raising the Mast

For those who follow our blog, you may remember that last year we had a Kenyan dhow added to our collection.  When the piece came to the museum, it was placed in the back of our International Small Craft Center in a temporary position.  Yesterday we spent a good portion of the morning getting it into a better spot for display and raising the mast.

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Our staff deserves some major kudos for this as they figured out how to rig it just by looking at photos we had taken when it was in D.C..  Now our visitors can enjoy seeing the dhow in all its glory!

More information on the dhow can be found HERE.

Buttersworth Exhibition Closing

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For those who are interested in viewing our Buttersworth Exhibition, B is for Buttersworth, F is for Forgery, you only have a few more weeks to do so!

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The last day for the exhibition will be Sunday, April 26, 2015.  It has enjoyed great success with our visitors who are determined to figure out which painting is the forgery!  It’s also allowed people to truly appreciate the wonderful works of art created by James Buttersworth.  So don’t forget to stop by and check them out before the 26th!

 

Way Back Wednesdays

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Construction of our old Small Craft Building.  About 11 years ago it was replaced with a newer, more efficient building where a good amount of our small craft is now displayed.Figureheads being repaired in model shop, January 23, 1940 (1)

This image shows men in our ship model shop repairing a group of our figureheads on January 23, 1940.  Many of our figureheads came to the museum in rough shape and so needed a bit of work to make sure that they were stable enough to be displayed.  As our old photos show, we used to have a large number of them on the wall of our Great Hall.Great Hall, 1973-74 (1)

To change it up a bit, we have this colored photo from 1973/74 showing our Great Hall with the USS Lancaster Eagle figurehead by John Haley Bellamy in the foreground.  In the far left corner the first order lighthouse lens from Cape Charles is visible.  It, much like our eagle, is one of the first artifacts visitors see when entering the museum.main room, May 1959

Our last photo shows a corner of the Great Hall in 1959, showcasing several figureheads and large paintings by Thomas Skinner on the wall.  It’s nice to see a corner like this as most shots are from the front of the gallery, showing the USS Lancaster Eagle (like the image above).

 

Way Back Wednesday

Warwick County Girl Scouts Field Day in what is now known as Harvey Field May 1947

A group of Girl Scouts from Warwick County enjoying their field day in what is now known as Harvey Field in May 1947.Troops from Ft. Eustis, A battery 11th battalion, posed next to Leif Erikson statue

Troops from Ft. Eustis, A Battery, 11th Battalion, posed with our Leifr Eriksson statue.  In the foreground is one of our beautiful Spanish cannons from the 18th century.  It is currently on display at the front of the museum.USS Lancaster Eagle in Great Hall November 15, 1945

Another great shot of our Great Hall Exhibition in November of 1945, featuring our wonderful USS Lancaster Eagle figurehead by John Haley Bellamy.

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Visitors packing our gift shop in May of 1955.